|AG_DataSource provides a generic interface to different types of data sources such as AG_FileSource for files, AG_CoreSource for fixed-size memory, AG_AutoCoreSource for autoallocated memory, AG_ConstCoreSource for read-only memory and AG_NetSocketSource for AG_Net(3) sockets.|
The AG_OpenFile() function opens the file at path, where mode is a fopen(3) style mode string. AG_OpenFileHandle() creates a new data source for a previously opened file.
The AG_OpenCore() and AG_OpenConstCore() functions create new data sources referencing the region of memory p of size bytes.
AG_OpenAutoCore() creates a new data source using dynamically-allocated memory (accessible as the data member of the structure).
AG_OpenNetSocket() creates a new data source using a network socket (see AG_Net(3)).
The AG_CloseDataSource() function closes the data source, freeing any data allocated by the AG_DataSource layer (such as the data buffer allocated by AG_OpenAutoCore()). For network sockets opened with AG_OpenNetSocket(), the underlying socket is left open.
AG_Read() reads size bytes from the data source into the destination buffer buf. AG_Write() writes size bytes from the source buffer buf to the destination data source. AG_ReadAt() and AG_WriteAt() allow a source/target position (byte offset) to be specified. If an error has occurred, return -1 with an error message, otherwise 0 on success. Partial transfers are treated as errors.
The AG_ReadP(), AG_WriteP(), AG_ReadAtP() and AG_WriteAtP() variants do not treat partial reads or writes as errors, returning the total number of bytes transferred into the nRead or nWrote argument (if not NULL). Depending on the underlying data source, a byte count of 0 may indicate either an end-of-file condition or a closed socket.
AG_Tell() returns the current position in the data source. If the underlying data source does not support this operation, a value of 0 is returned.
AG_Seek() seeks to the given position in the data source. Acceptable values for mode include AG_SEEK_SET (relative to data start), AG_SEEK_CUR (relative to current position), AG_SEEK_END (relative to data end).
The AG_LockDataSource() and AG_UnlockDataSource() functions acquire and release the exclusive lock protecting this data source, and are no-ops if thread support is disabled.
AG_SetByteOrder() sets the effective byte order of the stream. Integer read/write operations must honor this setting. Byte orders are AG_BYTEORDER_BE for big-endian and AG_BYTEORDER_LE for little-endian. To determine the byte order of the current architecture, use macro AG_BYTEORDER macro (which evaluates to either AG_BIG_ENDIAN or AG_LITTLE_ENDIAN).
AG_SetSourceDebug() enables (1) or disables (0) the inclusion and checking of serialization markers on a data source. When enabled, typed I/O routines such as AG_WriteUint8() will always write a marker (type code) before every byte, and AG_ReadUint8() will always expect a type code (and verify that it matches, or raise an exception). AG_SetSourceDebug() returns the previous setting. Serialization markers are enabled implicitely for AG_Object(3) with AG_OBJECT_DEBUG_DATA. Available only with AG_DEBUG, no-op otherwise.
The AG_DataSourceInit() and AG_DataSourceDestroy() functions are used when implementing new data source types. They are used internally by the AG_Open*() and AG_Close*() functions.
AG_DataSourceSetErrorFn() configures an alternate handler routine for data source exceptions (which can occur when using routines such as AG_ReadUint32(), for example on I/O error). From the handler routine, a pointer to the AG_DataSource can be retrieved using AG_SELF, and the error message is retrieved using AG_STRING(1). The default exception handler calls AG_FatalError(3).
The AG_DataSourceError() function raises a data source error, with the optional error message string. It is intended for use in custom I/O routines which do not return an error status. If fmt is NULL, the error is obtained from AG_GetError(3).
The AG_DataSourceRealloc() routine explicitely resizes the buffer of a data source previously created with AG_OpenAutoCore(). While the buffer is already resized automatically as data is written to the source, setting an explicit buffer size may be desirable in some situations.
FLOATING POINT OPERATIONS
The following routines read and write floating-point numbers in IEEE.754
AG_ReadFloat(), AG_ReadDouble() and AG_ReadLongDouble() read a floating-point value from the data source.
AG_WriteFloat(), AG_WriteDouble() and AG_WriteLongDouble() write a floating-point value to the data source. The AG_Write*At() variants write the value at a given position.
All AG_Read*v() functions return 0 on success and -1 on failure, without raising any exceptions. The other functions will raise a data source exception if an failuer (e.g., an I/O error) occured.
The "long double" functions are available only if HAVE_LONG_DOUBLE is defined.
The following functions read and write C strings.
The serialized representation includes an unsigned 32-bit count followed
by the (possibly padded or NUL-terminated) string of characters itself.
AG_ReadString() reads a string of up to AG_LOAD_STRING_MAX bytes from ds. On success, a newly-allocated, NUL-terminated copy of string is returned. AG_ReadStringLen() reads a string of up to maxLen bytes in length.
AG_CopyString() reads an encoded string and returns its contents into a fixed-size buffer buf of buf_size. AG_CopyString() returns the number of bytes that would have been copied were buf_size unlimited.
AG_ReadStringPadded() reads a fixed-length string record of len bytes in length. AG_CopyStringPadded() reads a fixed-length string record and copies the NUL-terminated result into a fixed-size buffer buf of buf_size.
The AG_ReadNulString(), AG_ReadNulStringLen() and AG_CopyNulString() routines read a serialized, 32-bit length-encoded string which includes the NUL termination in the encoding.
The AG_SkipString() routine skips over the string at the current position in the buffer.
The AG_WriteString() function writes a C string to a data source, in a variable-length encoding. The encoding is a 32-bit representation of strlen(3) followed by the string itself.
AG_WriteStringPadded() serializes a string into a fixed-length record composed of a 32-bit representation of strlen(3) followed by the string plus extra padding such that the serialized record is always guaranteed to be length bytes + 4 in size.
On failure, the AG_WriteString() routines raise a data source exception.
EXTENDING THE API
New types of data sources can be implemented by deriving the
The byte_order field is set by AG_SetByteOrder() and controls the endianness of integer serialization operations such as AG_ReadUint32().
The wrLast, rdLast, wrTotal and rdTotal fields keep count of the read/written bytes, and are automatically incremented by serialization operations such as AG_ReadUint32().
The read() operation reads size bytes from the data source and into buf, returning the total number of bytes read into rv. read_at() reads data at a specified offset.
The write() operation writes size bytes from buf to the data source, returning the total number of bytes written into rv. The write_at() variant writes the data at a specified offset.
tell() returns the current offset.
seek() moves to the specified offset and returns 0 on success and -1 on failure.
close() closes the data source.
|AG_ByteSwap(3), AG_Intro(3), AG_Net(3), AG_Version(3)|
|A similar interface called AG_Netbuf first appeared in Agar 1.0. The current AG_DataSource interface appeared in Agar 1.3. Exception handling and error-checking variants of the primitive I/O routines appeared in Agar 1.3.3. The interface to network sockets appeared in Agar 1.5.0.|